Located at the heart of Kashmir Valley, Srinagar shares boundaries with Kargil, Ganerbal, Pulwama and Budgam. Srinagar is often known as the ‘summer capital of Kashmir’. The city is situated on the banks of the River Jhelum. Popularly known for lakes, handicrafts, gardens and dry fruits, houseboats are also a wonderful feature of this region.Show More
Located at the heart of Kashmir Valley, Srinagar shares boundaries with Kargil, Ganerbal, Pulwama and Budgam. Srinagar is often known as the ‘summer capital of Kashmir’. The city is situated on the banks of the River Jhelum. Popularly known for lakes, handicrafts, gardens and dry fruits, houseboats are also a wonderful feature of this region.
Etymology- Srinagar is derived from the summation of two Sanskrit terms, namely, ‘sri’ (meaning ‘Lakshmi’) and ‘nagar’ (meaning ‘city’). An idea floats around that the Pandava King Asoka names the region Srinagari and it is also claimed that King Asoka of Mauryan Empire discovered the city of Srinagar.
History- It is said that King Parvarasena II found the city about 2,000 years ago and named it Parvasenpur. It became part of the Maurya Empire and later, was overtaken by Kushans. The Huns took control of the region after rule by Vikramaditya and his heirs. It was about 960CE that Srinagar became the capital of Kashmir. Many Muslim kingdoms ruled over the region till the 14th century. After the passing away of Aurangzeb in 1707, Pashtun tribes and Durrani Empire ruled over the place for a long time. Sikhs took power of Srinagar in 1814 till the Treaty of Lahore of 1846. In 1947, Srinagar joined Indian Union after independence of the nation.
Geography- Srinagar is situated on both sides of the River Jhelum. The two parts of the city are connected through the famous nine bridges of the city. According to Koppen climate classification, the region undergoes a humid subtropical climate. The winters are chilly while summers are quite warm.
Flora and Fauna- The flora of Kashmir includes over 3,000 species. You can find about 800 of these in Ladakh. Jammu is home to about 500 of these. These are inclusive of medicinal plants, pteridophytes and gymnosperms. The Chinar tree is an important flora member of the region. The Dachigam National Park will give you a peak into the diverse fauna of the state. This park houses Kashmiri stag, jungle cats, musk deer, leopards and brown bra. You can also find beautiful birds like cinnamon sparrows, Kashmir flycatcher and black bulbuls. You can also visit the Gulmarg Biosphere where you can meet the glory of black bear, Hangul, Monal, European Hoopoe, Griffon Vulture and other birds and animals.
Culture- Srinagar speaks of the diversity of traditions that India reflects. There is a subtle mix of Hindu and Islam traditions in this place. Bhand Pather is a classical folk theatre style which consists of about 10 to 15 participants. Chakri is the famous Kashmiri music. The musical instruments used are Garaha, Rabab and Sarangi. Today, Harmonium is also often used. From the 15th century, Sufiana music started dominating the musical stage. Hafiz Nagma is a famous form of Sufiana music and dance. The three major festivals of the region are Navroz Festival, Ramzan and Urs. You can also witness the amazing dances of Gurez tribes here.
Tourism- Dal Lake is the most famous tourist attraction of this place. You can find many houseboats and Shikaras here. Amarnath Cave is claimed to be over 5,000 years old and plays an important role in the Hindu mythology. It is a tribute to Lord Shiva. Other religious spots include Jama Masjid, Rainwari and Hazratbal Mosque. Here is a list of great places to see at Srinagar: Shupiyan (village), Burzahom (historical site), Nagin Lake, Sri Pratap Singh Museum and Hari Parbat Fort.
Transport- The city is well-connected to the different parts of the nation. By road, you can use the highways like National Highway 1D and National Highway 1A. The Srinagar Airport also operates many domestic flights to Leh, Delhi, Jammu and Chandigarh. The railway station at Srinagar was started in October 2009 and connected Baramulla to Anantnag, Srinagar and Qazigund.
Best time to visit- The best time to visit Srinagar is between the months of April and June.
Languages- The major language of the region is Kashmiri. Urdu and Hindi are also used here.
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