“Hampi” is a village in the northern Karnataka State of India lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River, 74 km away from Bellary and 353 km from the State Capital, Bangalore.
History of Hampi:
“Hampi” name is derived from the word “Pampa”.Pampa, which is the old name of the Tungabhadra River on whose banks this village, is constructed and thus the village is known as “Hampi”.
Hampi have vigorous mythological connection with the considerable Indian epic “Ramayana”. The fourth chapter orkandaof Ramayana reference“Kishkinda”, which is the fortress of a king named Vali.In the epic, Prince Rama comes to Kishkinda in order to hunt of his Kidnapped wife Sita. Here Rama and his brother Lakshmana meet Hanuman, who influences them to Sugreeva, the evicted king of Kishkinda and brother of Vali. Sugreeva gets Rama to a nearby cave where he has concealed the jewellery of Sita as she dropped when she was being kidnapped by Ravana, the king of Lanka. Rama kills Vali and brings back the royalty to Sugreeva, who in return admits to help Rama search his wife Sita. Later Rama along with Sugreeva and his army of Vanaras conduct war against Ravana of Lanka to free Sita.
Many of the places referenced the Kishkinda kanda are found in this village like “Pampa Sarovara” (where Rama met old woman Shabari), “Rishyamukha hills” (where Hanuman have met Rama for the very first time), “Anjanadri hill” (birth place of Hanuman) and other places that were remarked in the epic such as Matunga hill, Sugreeva’s cave, and Malyavanta hill are all situated in this village.
According to history Hampi village is associated with the two local tribal chiefs Harihara and Bukkaraya (also known as Hakka & Bukka) who reported their guru an astonishing view they saw during a hunting journey. A hare (rabbit like animal) run after by their hound (dog) suddenly turns daring and fearless and start following back the hound.Vidyaranya, the guru, told them that this town is so unique and asked them to develop theirs local capital at this town. The beginning of an empire was grown during that time.
Over the next 200 plus years (1336 AD – 1565 AD)was ruled by four dynasties of the Vijayanagara Empire namely – Sangama Dynasty, Saluva Dynasty, Tuluva Dynasty and Aravidu Dynasty. Numbers of temples, fort and stone inscriptions were constructed on that time. These cultural heritage and historical monuments are still a part of the village’s scene. During the Vijayanagara rule, this village has provided extremely to Indian religion, art and culture. Together with a rich cultural heritage, this village is a hive of business and trade activities.
The village was then taken over by the rulers of the Deccan Muslim organization. They completely devastated and ruined this village in just 6 months.
In the year 1986 by UNESCO Hampi village got the prestige of being a “world heritage site” and since then, many exertions are being taken to rebuild the lost fame of this village.
People and Culture:
Hampi village has been the residence of many well-known Kannada poets like Harihara, Raghavanka, Kumaravyasa and Purandaradasa. Hampi is the rich mansion of Indian architecture.
Hampi is an important religious center, dwelling the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other Monuments. Here you find diverse culture; the languages spoken at Hampi are Telugu and Kannada.The main source of income of native people is agriculture as well as this village is the greatest producer of Manganese and Iron ore.
Kannada University also called as Hampi Kannada University or Hampi University is a research oriented Public University in Hampi, Karnataka, established in 1991 by the Government of Karnataka through Kannada University Act, 1991 with the goal to establish the Kannada language and to publicize the benefit of the literature, traditions, culture, and custom of Karnataka.
Here you don’t find different streams of educational institutions; all prominent institutions are nearby Hampi i.e. in Bellary.
Exceptional Attractions of Hampi Village:
Hampi villageis famous for two things first one for its “Vijayanagara Festival” and secondary for celebrating “Purandara Festival” which enthralls the tourists from all round the world.
Hampi village presents “Vijayanagara Festival”also known as “Hampi Utsav” or “Hampi Festival” heldevery year in the first week of November, arranged by the Government of Karnataka. This is a three daylong festival and flaunts the bizarre life of Hampi resound with dance, drama, music, fireworks, puppet shows, and amazing processions all bringing together recreate the inheritance of its royal heritage.
“Purandara Festival” is a classical musical festival held every year during the months of January or February. This festival is a tribute on the birthday of the ancient poet Purandaradasa who lived in Hampi. This is a 2-3 days long program, national and international musicians participate in this program and it is a banquet for the classical music enthusiasts. This festival is normally celebrated on the Purandaradasa Mantapa located near the Vittala Temple. Sometimes programs are celebrated at other places too.
Hampi is famous for celebrating “Virupaksha Car Festival” also known as “Largest religious festival in Hampi” which marks the annual ritual marriage of the god & goddess, the highlight of this festival is the idol of god and goddess placed on a temple vehicle and driven from the main chariot street in Hampi in the months of March or April and“Phalapuja Festival” whichmark the ceremonial betrothal of the divine couple celebrated in December.
Places to see:
Museum, Monkey Temple, Virupaksha Temple, Vijaya Vittala Temple, Elephant Stables, Matanga Hill, Queen's Bath, Vithala Temple Complex, Hampi Bazaar, Balakrishna Temple, Mahanavami Dibba, Narasimha Temple, Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Hemakuta Hill Temple Complex, Zenana Enclosure, Hazara Rama Temple, Underground Temple, Sasivekalu Ganesha Temple, Old Palace (Gagan Mahal), Daroji Bear Sanctuary, Lotus Palace, Talarigatta Gate, Monolith Bull, Stone Doors, Achyutraya Temple,Virupaksha Bazaar, Palace of Vira Harihara, Purandaradasa Mantapa, Shivlinga, Malyavanta Raghunathaswamy, Gejjala Mantapa,Coracle Crossings, Statue of Ugra Narsimha, Anegundi Fort, Courtesan's Street,Ahmed Khan's Mosque and Tomb are majorattractions of Hampi village which attracts the tourists to visit here throughout year and make this village as popular tourist destination. The best time to visit Hampi is during winter i.e. between October to February.
Reach by: You can reach Hampi by Train and Bus.
Hampi village is well connected to all the major stations within the State of Karnataka by rails and roads.
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